Dr Amolkumar U. Solanke
Senior Scientist
amol[dot]solanke[at]icar[dot]gov[dot]in; amolsgene[at]gmail[dot]com
Phone :
011-25842789 Ext. 238
Education :
PhD in Plant Molecular Biology

Research Interest

Functional genomics for biotic and abiotic stress management in crop plants.

Molecular cloning and characterization of panicle blast resistance genes in rice.

Gene prospecting for abiotic stress tolerance from Finger millet.

Use of transgenic approach for characterization of stress responsive genes and their promoters

Awards & Honors

  • Excellence in Research Award (2017) from National Environmental Science Academy (NESA), New Delhi.
  • Eminent Plant Biotechnologist Award (2015) from Society for Applied Biotechnology, Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu.
  • Fellow Award (2014) from ‘Society for Applied Biotechnology’, Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu. 
  • C. V. Jacob Award (2013) from Society for Biotechnologists (India), Cochin, Kerala.
  • ICAR - Jawaharlal Nehru Award (2010) for Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Research in Agricultural Biotechnology by ICAR, New Delhi.
  • Senior Research Fellowship by CSIR, Govt. of India, (2006 - 2009).
  • Junior Research Fellowship by CSIR, Govt. of India, (2004 -2006).
  • Young Scientist Award (2003) at National Seminar on Modern Biology held at Guntur, AP, India
  1. Kumar V, Jain P, Venkadesan S, Karkute SG, Bhati J, Abdin MZ, Sevanthi AM, Mishra DC, Chaturvedi KK, Rai A, Sharma TR, Solanke AU (2021) Understanding Rice-Magnaporthe Oryzae Interaction in Resistant and Susceptible Cultivars of Rice under Panicle Blast Infection Using a Time-Course Transcriptome Analysis. Genes 12(2):301.
  2. Sharma S, Tyagi A, Srivastava H, Ramakrishna G, Sharma P, Sevanthi AM, Solanke AU, Sharma R, Singh NK, Sharma TR, Gaikwad K. (2021) Exploring the edible gum (galactomannan) biosynthesis and its regulation during pod developmental stages in clusterbean using comparative transcriptomic approach. Scientific Reports 17; 11(1):4000. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-83507-3.
  3. Darshan K, Aggarwal R, Bashyal BM, Singh J, Shanmugam V, Gurjar MS and Solanke AU (2020) Transcriptome profiling provides insights into potential antagonistic mechanisms involved in Chaetomium globosum against Bipolaris sorokiniana. Frontiers in Microbiology 11:578115 (doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.578115)
  4. Ghodke P, Khandagale K, Thangasamy A, Kulkarni A, Narwade N, Shirsat D, Randive P, Roylawar P, Singh I, Gawande SJ, Mahajan V, Solanke AU, Singh M (2020) Comparative transcriptome analyses in contrasting onion (Allium cepa L.) genotypes for drought stress. Plos One 15(8): e0237457 (
  5. Sharma S, Kaur R, Kumar K, Kumar D, Solanke AU (2020) Genetic variability in Rubus ellipticus collections assessed by morphological traits and EST-SSR markers. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology (
  6. Gaikwad K, Ramakrishna G, Srivastava H, Saxena S, Kaila T, Tyagi A, Sharma P, Sharma S, Sharma R, Mahla HR, Amitha Mithra SV, Solanke AU, Kalia P, Rao AR, Rai A, Sharma TR, Singh NK (2020) Chromosome scale reference genome of Cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.). BioRxiv (doi:
  7. Jain P, Dubey H, Singh PK, Solanke A U, Singh AK and Sharma TR. (2019) Deciphering signalling network in broad spectrum Near Isogenic Lines of rice resistant to Magnaporthe oryzae. Scientific Reports (DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-50990-8)
  8. Sureshkumar V, Dutta Bipratip, Kumar V, Prakash G, Mishra DC, Chaturvedi KK, Rai A, Amitha Mithra SV and Solanke AU (2019) RiceMetaSysB: a database of blast and bacterial blight responsive genes in rice and its utilization in identifying key blast resistant WRKY genes. Oxford Database, (DOI:10.1093/database/baz015). 
  9. Shingote PR, Amitha Mithra SV, Sharma P, Devanna NB, Arora K, Holkar SK, Khan S, Singh J, Kumar S, Sharma TR, Solanke AU (2019) LTR retrotransposons and highly informative ISSRs in combination are potential markers for genetic fidelity testing of tissue culture-raised plants in sugarcane. Molecular Breeding 39 (2), 25 (DOI: 10.1007/s11032-019-0931-5) 
  10. Singh S, Ramakrishna Ch, Reddy N, Khan S, Padaria JC and Solanke AU (2019) Identification and characterization of catalase genes in Eleusine coracana under abiotic stresses. Biologia Plantarum, 63: 440-447 (DOI: 10.32615/bp.2019.048)
  11. Mehraj U, Panwar S, Singh KP, Namita, Pandey R, Solanke AU, Mallick N and Kumar S (2019) In vitro regeneration of double haploid line of African marigold (Tagetes erecta) derived from ovule culture using non-axillary explants. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89 (6): 969–974
  12. Mehraj U, Panwar S, Singh KP, Namita, Pandey R, Solanke AU, Mallick N and Kumar S (2019) Assessment of clonal fidelity of doubled haploid line of marigold (Tagetes erecta) using microsatellite markers. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89 (7): 1162–1166
  13. Vishwakarma H, Sharma J, Solanke AU, Singh GP and Padaria J (2019) Isolation and Characterization of Stress Inducible Protein (TaSti/Hop) from Heat-Tolerant Wheat Cultivar C306. Research Journal of Biotechnology, 14 (6): 111-121
  14. Gurjar MS, Aggarwal R, Jogawat A, Kulshreshtha D, Sharma S, Solanke AU, Dubey H, Jain RK (2019) De novo genome sequencing and secretome analysis of Tilletia indica inciting Karnal bunt of wheat provides pathogenesis‑related genes. 3 Biotech, 9:219 ( 
  15. Tarafdar A, Vishwakarma H, Gothandapani S, Bhati M, Biswas K, Prakash A, Chaturvedi U, Solanke AU and Padaria JC (2019) A quick, easy and cost‑effective in planta method to develop direct transformants in wheat. 3 Biotech, 9:180 ( 
  16. Bhat JA, Shivaraj SM, Singh P, Devanna BN, Tripathi DK, Dash PK, Solanke AU, Sonah H, Deshmukh R (2019) Role of silicon in mitigation of heavy metal stresses in crop plants. Plants, 8: 71 (doi:10.3390/plants8030071)
  17. Sharma S, Kaur R, Solanke AU, Dubey H, Tiwari S, Kumar K (2019) Transcriptome sequencing of Himalayan Raspberry (Rubus ellipticus) and development of simple sequence repeat markers. 3 Biotech, 9:161 ( 
  18. Tyagi A, Sandhya, Sharma P, Saxena S, Sharma R, Amitha Mithra SV, Solanke AU, Singh NK, Sharma TR, Gaikwad K (2019) The genome size of clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) is significantly smaller compared to its wild relatives as estimated by flow cytometry. Gene ( 
  19. Tribhuvan KU, Amitha Mithra SV, Sharma P, Das A, Kumar K, Tyagi A, Solanke AU, Sandhya, Sharma R, Jadhav PV, Raveendran M, Fakrudin B, Sharma TR, Singh NK, Gaikwad K (2019) Identification of genomic SSRs in cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) and demonstration of their utility in genetic diversity analysis. Industrial Crops and Products, 133, 221-231 ( 
  20. Mehraj U, Panwar S, Singh KP, Namita, Pa ndey R, Solanke AU, Mallick N (2018) Development of protocol for in vitro rooting and hardening of doubled haploid line of Tagetes erecta L. derived through ovule culture. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 75(4): 651-656. (DOI:10.5958/0974-0112.2018.00108.1) 
  21. Ram H, Dhar S, Choudhary H, Sharma RK, Solanke AU, Prasad L and Tomar BS (2018). Combining ability analysis for earliness and yield related characters in pea (Pisum sativum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88(11), 69-73.
  22. Ram H, Dhar S, Choudhary H, Sharma RK, Prasad L, Solanke AU and Tomar BS (2018). Estimates of genetic components of variation for earliness and yield traits in garden pea (Pisum sativum L.). Chemical Science Review and Letters, 7(25), 379-382
  23. Yadav SA, Jadhav MP, Adiger S, Singh S, Solanke AU, Katageri IS, Vamadevaiah HM (2018). Expression studies of transcription factors under moisture stress in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (The), 78(3):393-7 
  24. Singh S, Khan S, Padaria JC and Solanke AU (2018) Evaluation of Finger millet as heat tolerant crop using physiological and biochemical assays. Journal of AgriSearch, 5(2), 108-113
  25. Rawal HC, Amitha Mithra SV, Arora K, Kumar V, Goel N, Mishra DC, Chaturvedi KK, Rai A, Devi SV, Sharma TR and Solanke AU (2018) Genome-wide Analysis in Wild and Cultivated Oryza Species Reveals Abundance of NBS Genes in Progenitors of Cultivated Rice. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter. (DOI: 10.1007/s11105-018-1086-y) 
  26. Ramakrishna Ch, Singh S, Sangala R, Padaria JC, Mohanty S, TR Sharma and Solanke AU (2018). The membrane tethered transcription factor EcbZIP17 from finger millet promotes plant growth and enhances tolerance to abiotic stresses. Nature Scientific Reports, 8(1), 2148. 
  27. Ramakrishna Ch, Singh S, Tomar RS, Mohanty S, Khan S, Reddy N, Padaria JC and Solanke AU (2018). Isolation and allelic characterization of Finger millet (Eleusine coracana. L) small heat shock protein EcHSP17.8 for stress tolerance. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 78(1): 95-103 (DOI: 10.5958/0975-6906.2018.00011.1) 
  28. Tyagi A, Nigam D, Amitha Mithra SV, Solanke AU, Singh NK, Sharma TR and Gaikwad K. (2018) Genome-wide discovery of tissue-specific miRNAs in clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) indicates their association with galactomannan biosynthesis. Plant Biotechnology Journal. (doi: 10.1111/pbi.12866) 
  29. Diep PH, Vishwakarma H, Solanke AU and Padaria JC (2017) Identification of drought stress responsive genes from Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce for climate resilient agriculture. Biotech Today, 7(1): 25-32. (doi:10.5958/2322-0996.2017.00002.3)
  30. Bashyal BM, Rawat K, Sharma S, Kulshrestha D, Krishnan SG, Singh AK, Dubey H, Solanke AU, Sharma TR and Aggarwal R. (2017) Whole genome sequencing of Fusarium fujikuroi provides insight into the role of secretory proteins and cell wall degrading enzymes in causing bakanae disease of rice. Frontiers in Plant Science (doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.02013).
  31. Rawal HC, Kumar S, Amitha Mithra SV, Solanke AU, Nigam D, Saxena S, Tyagi A, Sureshkumar V, Yadav NR, Kalia P, Singh NP, Singh NK, Sharma TR and Gaikwad K (2017) High quality unigenes and microsatellite markers from tissue specific transcriptome and development of a database in Clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, L. Taub). Genes (Basel). 8(11): 313 (doi:10.3390/genes8110313) 
  32. Ramakrishna Ch, Sonam, Mohanty S, Reddy N, Padaria JC and Solanke AU (2017). Isolation and expression analysis of EcbZIP17 from different finger millet genotypes shows conserved nature of the gene. 3 Biotech. (doi:10.1007/s13205-017-0984-2) 
  33. Sandhu M, Sureshkumar V, Prakash C, Dixit R, Solanke AU, Sharma TR, Mohapatra T, Amitha Mithra SV. (2017). RiceMetaSys for salt and drought stress responsive genes in rice: A web interface for crop improvement. BMC Bioinformatics 18:432. (doi: 10.1186/s12859-017-1846-y) 
  34. Kaila T, Chaduvla PK, Rawal HC, Saxena S, Tyagi A, Mithra SVA, Solanke AU, Kalia P, Sharma TR, Singh NK, Gaikwad K. (2017) Chloroplast Genome Sequence of Clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.): Genome Structure and Comparative Analysis. Genes (Basel). 8(9). pii: E212. (doi: 10.3390/genes8090212) 
  35. Jain P, Sharma V, Dubey H, Singh P K, Kapoor R, Kumari M, Singh J, Pawar D V, Bisht D S, Solanke A U, Mondal T K and Sharma T R. (2017) Identification of long non-coding RNA in rice lines resistant to Rice blast pathogen Maganaporthe oryzae. Bioinformation. 13(8): 249-255.
  36. Sharma TR, Devanna BN, Kiran K, Singh PK, Arora K, Jain P, Tiwari IM, Dubey H, Saklani B, Kumari M, Singh J, Jaswal R, Kapoor R, Pawar DV, Sinha S, Bisht DS, Solanke AU and Mondal TK. 2017. Status and Prospects of Next Generation Sequencing Technologies in Crop Plants. Currant Issues in Molecular Biology. 27:1-36.  (10.21775/cimb.027.001) 
  37. Jain P, Singh PK, Kapoor R, Solanke AU, Krishnan SG, Singh AK, Sharma V and Sharma TR (2017) Understanding host-pathogen interactions with expression profiling of NILs carrying rice-blast resistance Pi9 gene. Frontiers in Plant Sciences 8:93. (doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.00093) 
  38. Kiran K, Rawal HC, Dubey H, Jaswal R, Devanna BN, Gupta DK, Bhardwaj SC, Prasad P, Pal D, Chhuneja P, Balasubramanian P, Kumar J, Swami M, Solanke AU, Gaikwad K, Singh NK, Sharma TR (2016) Draft genome of the wheat rust pathogen (Puccinia triticina) unravels genome-wide structural variations during evolution. Genome Biology and Evolution 8(9):2702-21 (doi: 10.1093/gbe/evw197). 
  39. Kumar S, Kanakachari M, Dhandapani G, Kumar K, Prabhakaran N, Padmalatha KV, Solanke AU, Gamanagatti S, Hiremath V, Katageri IS, Leelavathi S, Kumar PA and Reddy VS (2015.) Genome-wide transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of bollworm-infested developing cotton bolls revealed the genes and pathways involved in the insect pest defence mechanism. Plant Biotechnology Journal, pp. 1–18 (DOI: 10.1111/pbi.12508). 
  40. Kanakachari M*, Solanke AU*, Prabhakaran N, Ahmad I, Dhandapani G, Jayabalan N and Kumar PA (2015). Evaluation of suitable reference genes for normalization of qPCR gene expression studies in Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) during fruit developmental stages. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, (DOI 10.1007/s12010-015-1884-8).(*Equal authorship)
  41. Singh RK, Singh VK, Raghavendrarao S, Phanindra MLP, Venkat Raman K, Solanke AU, Kumar PA and Sharma TR (2015). Expression of Finger Millet EcDehydrin7 in Transgenic Tobacco Confers Tolerance to Drought Stress. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 177(1): 207-216.
  42. Dhandapani G, Lakshmi Prabha A, Kanakachari M, Phanindra ML, Prabhakaran N, Gothandapani S, Padmalatha KV, Solanke AU and Kumar PA. (2014) GhDRIN1, a novel drought-induced gene of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) confers abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in transgenic tobacco. Biotechnology Letters (DOI 10.1007/s10529-014-1733-9).
  43. Kanakachari M, Ahmad I, Solanke AU, Jayabalan N and Kumar PA (2014). Characterization of Antioxidant genes during Fruit Development and Ripening in Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). International Journal of Current Biotechnology, 2(12): 29-34.
  44. Ahmed I*, Solanke AU*, Deshmukh DP, Kanakachari M, Sreevathsa R, Pattanayak D, Sharma TR and Kumar PA. (2014) Isolation and characterization of Ethylene Responsive Factor (ERF) genes from brinjal. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 71(1): 49-54. (*Equal authorship)
  45. Singh RK, Phanindra MLV, Singh VK, Sonam, Raghavendrarao S, Solanke AU* and Kumar PA (2014) Isolation and characterization of drought responsive EcDehydrin7 gene from finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.). Indian Journal of Genetics, 74(4): 456-462. (*Corresponding author)
  46. Pattanayak D, Solanke AU and Kumar PA. (2013) Plant RNA Interference Pathways: Diversity in Function, Similarity in Action. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 31, 493-506.
  47. The Tomato Genome Consortium (2012) Tomato genome sequencing and comparative analysis reveal two consecutive triplications that spawned genes influencing fruit characteristics, Nature, 485: 635-641. (Solanke AU is one of the authors in the consortium.)
  48. Padmalatha KV, Dhandapani G, Kanakachari M, Kumar S, Dass A, Patil DP, Rajamani V, Kumar K, Pathak R, Rawat B, Leelavathi S, Reddy PS, Jain N, Powar KN, Hiremath V, Katageri IS, Reddy MK, Solanke AU, Reddy VS, Kumar PA. (2012) Genome-wide transcriptomic analysis of cotton under drought stress reveal significant down-regulation of genes and pathways involved in fibre elongation and up-regulation of defense responsive genes. Plant Molecular Biology, 78(3):223-46.
  49. Leelavathi S, Bhardwaj A, Kumar S, Dass A, Pathak R, Pandey SS, Tripathy BC, Padmalatha KV, Dhandapani G, Kanakachari M, Solanke AU, Kumar PA, Cella R and Reddy VS. (2011) Genome-wide transcriptome and proteome analyses of tobacco psaA and psbA deletion mutants. Plant Molecular Biology. DOI 10.1007/s11103-011-9731-y.
  50. Kumar PA, Mohapatra T, Sharma TR, Bhattacharya RC, Dash P, Gupta NC and Solanke AU (2011) Biotechnology and Crop Improvement. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 81(9): 1-14.
  51. Sharma MK, Kumar R, Solanke AU, Sharma R, Tyagi AK and Sharma AK. (2010) Identification, phylogeny, and transcript profiling of ERF family genes during development and abiotic stress treatments in tomato. Molecular Genetics and Genomics, 284:455–475.
  52. Solanke AU, Sharma MK, Tyagi AK and Sharma AK. (2009) Characterization and phylogenetic analysis of environmental stress responsive SAP gene family encoding A20/AN1 zinc-finger proteins in tomato. Molecular Genetics and Genomics, 282, 153-164.
  53. Sharma MK, Solanke AU, Jani D, Singh Y and Sharma AK. (2009) A simple and efficient Agrobacterium-mediated procedure for transformation of tomato. Journal of Biosciences, 34, 423-433.
  54. Gupta V, Mathur S, Solanke AU, Sharma MK, Kumar R, Vyas S, Khurana P, Khurana JP, Tyagi AK and Sharma AK. (2009) Genome analysis and genetic enhancement of tomato. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 29, 152-181.
  55. Mueller LA, … Solanke AU, ….. Knapp S, Zamir D and Stiekema W. (2009) A snapshot of the emerging tomato genome sequence. The Plant Genome, 2, 78-92.
  56. Solanke AU and Sharma AK. (2008) Signal transduction during cold stress in plants. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 14, 69-79.
  57. Bharathy PV, Karibasappa GS, Biradar AB, Kulkarni DD, Solanke AU, Patil SG and Agrawal DC (2003) Influence of Pre-bloom Sprays of Benzyladenine on in vitro Recovery of Hybrid Embryos from Crosses of Thompson Seedless and 8 Seeded Varieties of Grape (Vitis spp.). Vitis 42 (4): 199-202.

Book Chapter

  1. Solanke AU, Amitha Mithra SV, Tomar RSS, Arora K, Dhumale D, Sharma P. Devanna NB, Shingote PR and Sharma TR (2018) Role of Genetic Fidelity Testing in Tissue Culture Industry of India. Proceeding of PSMB Edited by Ahmad J, Tomar RS and Tiwari S. pp. 21-26. (ISBN-978-93-5321-456-2)
  2. Amitha Mithra SV, Solanke AU, Prakash C, Sureshkumar V., Ramkumar MK, Sandhu M, Shanmugavadivel PS (2018) Integrating expression data in rice: An effort towards deciphering biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. Proceeding of PSMB Edited by Ahmad J, Tomar RS and Tiwari S. pp. 9-13. (ISBN-978-93-5321-456-2)
  3. Bisht D S, Solanke A U, Mondal T K (2018) Informatics of Wild Relatives of Rice. In: Mondal, Tapan Kumar, Henry, Robert J. (Eds.), The Wild Oryza Genomes, Compendium of Plant Genomes, Springer International Publishing AG 2018 (
  4. Solanke AU, Tribuvan KU and Kanika (2015) Genomics: An Integrative Approach for Molecular Biology. In: S M Paul Khurana and Machiavelli Singh (Eds.), Biotechnology: Progress & prospects, Studium Press LLC, USA, pp 238-274.
  5. Sreevathsa R, Solanke AU and Kumar PA (2015) Biotechnology for Insect Pest Management in Vegetable Crops. In: K. Azhakanandam et al. (eds.), Recent Advancements in Gene Expression and Enabling Technologies in Crop Plants, Springer Publications, LLC 2015 (DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-2202-4_10)
  6. Venkat Raman K, Aggarwal D, Solanke AU, Sreevathsa R and Pattanayak D (2015) Transgenic Technology: Applications in Agriculture and Plant Sciences. In: S M Paul Khurana and Machiavelli Singh (Eds.), Biotechnology: Progress & prospects, Studium Press LLC, USA.
  7. Solanke AU, Raghavendrarao S., Kanika and Pattanayak D (2015) Heat Stress Responses In Plants: Insight Into Physiological And Molecular Mechanisms. In: Ratna Kumar Pasala, Yogeshwar Singh, Kiran P Bhagat and Satish Kumar (Eds), Abiotic Stress: Challenges and Prospects, Today and Tomorrow’s Printers & Publishers, New Delhi, India. pp 123-152.
  8. Kanika, Singh AK, Solanke AU and Dogra T (2015) Role of microbes in mitigating effect of abiotic stress in agriculture. In: Ratna Kumar Pasala, Yogeshwar Singh, Kiran P Bhagat and Satish Kumar (Eds), Abiotic Stress: Challenges and Prospects, Today and Tomorrow’s Printers & Publishers, New Delhi, India. pp 205-231.
  9. Solanke AU and Kumar PA (2013) Tomato phenotyping. In: Siva Kumar Panguluri and Ashok Kumar Are (Eds.) Phenotyping for Plant Breeding, Applications of Phenotyping methods for Crop Improvement, Springer publications, pp. 169-204.
  10. Yadav RC, Solanke AU, Kumar P, Pattanayak D, Yadav NR and Kumar PA (2013) Genetic Engineering for Tolerance to Climate Change Related Traits. In: Kole C (Eds.) Genomics & Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops Vol 1, Springer publications, pp. 285-330.
  11. Solanke AU (2013) Molecular insights into fruit size, shape and colour of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). In: Mishra SK (Eds.) Recent advances in Biotechnology Vol. 2 (ISBN-978-81-928063-1-4) pp. 40-46.
  12. Bharathy PV, Kulkarni DD, Biradar AB, Karibasappa GS, Solanke AU, Patil SG and Agrawal DC (2005) Production of hybrid plants in Thompson Seedless grapes (Vitis vinifera) through breeding and in ovulo embryo rescue methods. In: Kumar A, Roy S & Sopory SK (Eds.) Plant Biotechnology and its Application in Tissue Culture, IK International Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 51-58.